Authors. Alasdair MacIntyre. University of Notre Dame. Follow. Abstract. This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for , given by Alasdair Maclntyre, a Scottish. Patriotism, on this view, is essential for living a morally good life. MacIntyre’s argument (in his Lindley Lecture, “Is Patriotism a Virtue?. 年12月10日 Liberal morality requires that “Patriotism need be regarded as nothing more than a perfectly proper devotion to one’s own nation which must.
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To that extent, this type of patriotism is critical and rational.
This kind of conflict is at the heart of an Aristotelian account of morality: Its adherent will show special concern for his country and compatriots, but that will not prevent him from showing concern for other countries and their inhabitants. His complicity is lesser and the blame to be laid at his door is lesser too — but he still bears some moral responsibility and deserves some moral blame on that account.
This leads MacIntyre to conclude that patriotism is not to be contrasted with morality; it is rather a central moral virtue, indeed the bedrock of morality. Conveniently enough, it usually turns out that we are patriots, while they are nationalists see Billig55— All the main arguments for the claim that patriotism is a duty, then, are exposed to serious objections.
If so, this type of patriotism would seem to involve the rejection of such basic moral notions as universal justice and common human solidarity.
Therefore, if I do not understand the enacted narrative of my own individual life as embedded in the history of my country … I will not understand what I owe to others or what others owe to me, for what crimes of my nation I am bound to make reparation, for what benefits to my nation I am bound to feel gratitude. Hulas, Maciej, and Stanislaw Fel eds. We lastly found however, that the being of organic matter, is merely a necessary result of there being matter in general.
What weight do you give to the concern that if we continue with our historically short-sighted individualistic ways we certainly will not be able to meet the global ecological and economic catastrophes that our world is presently suffering from?
Patriotism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
If someone were to deny that she has a duty of special concern for the well-being of her country and compatriots, beyond what the laws of her country mandate and beyond the concern she has for humans and humanity, would she thereby cease to be a citizen in the sense involving equal standing? If this is correct, we have reason to develop and exercise a special concern for the moral identity and integrity of our country. And these attitudes can and do quite easily turn ugly and hateful and warlike.
Both patriotism and nationalism involve love of, identification with, and special concern for a certain entity. This is not a fair objection to patriotism as such.
These relationships are greater than our bond with the rest of humanity, and therefore have greater sway. Related Entries communitarianism consequentialism cosmopolitanism egoism impartiality loyalty nationalism obligations: Since the rise of the nation-state, it has been widely held that some form of nationalism is indispensable as a pre-political basis of the unity of the state that makes for solidarity among citizens patriohism provides them with motivation to participate in public life and make sacrifices for the common good.
Alasdair MacIntyre, for example, argues that morality is rooted in the life of a specific real community — a village, a city, a nation, with its idiosyncratic customs and history — and that, therefore, adherence to morality requires loyalty to such a community.
MasonMason goes on to claim: There is now a lively philosophical debate about the moral credentials of patriotism that shows no signs of abating. Just as an acorn will tend to develop toward an end that actualizes its full potential Oak treehuman beings strive to function well in a way that is appropriate to human being. While moral philosophers debate the standing of patriotism as an instance of the problem of reconciling universal moral considerations with particular attachments and loyalties, political theorists are primarily interested in patriotism as an ethos of the well-ordered polity and an antidote to nationalism.
James Gafney – – In Igor Primoratz ed. It also lies with those who give support to such decisions and their implementation. They establish a division of moral labor, necessary because our capacity of doing good is limited by our resources and circumstances.
Alasdair MacIntyre, Is patriotism a virtue? – PhilPapers
Institutions and traditions and culture for better or worse are the grounds for self. Many think virhue patriotism as a natural and appropriate expression of attachment to the country in which we were born and raised and of gratitude for the benefits of life on its soil, among its people, and under its laws.
Singer, Peter,One World: But her patriotism would be at work in a concern that her country be guided by these moral principles and values which is more sustained and more deeply felt than her concern that these principles and values should be put into practice generally. Sign in to use this feature. Bad faith is bad; so is patriotism, as well as every identity, individual or collective, constituted, in part, by patriotic loyalty.
Byrne – – Journal of Business Ethics 95 2: The valuing of your own values over different ones does not necessarily lead to a particular attitude towards outsiders. Some do their part without giving much thought to the reasons for doing so; others believe that doing so is, in the long run, the most prudent policy; still others act out of altruistic motives.
I do not believe in ideals or forms of community as a nostrum for contemporary social ills. Each of us can normally be of greater assistance to those who are in some way close to us than to those who are not.
How is it related to similar attitudes, such as nationalism?
MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism
Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Bernard Yack – – Critical Review 12 When these are exhibited in a reasonable degree and without ill thoughts about others and hostile actions towards them, that is patriotism; when they become unbridled and cause one patrootism think ill of others and act badly towards them, that is nationalism.
Science Logic and Mathematics. We have not been conducive to life for the large swaths of species that we have already caused to go extinct, and as ecological catastrophe develops, nature likewise does not seem in any way to care for our presence.
Patriotism is not but another extension of the duty of concern for others; it is a special concern for my country because it is my country, for my compatriots because they are my compatriots. But there are important benefits we have received from our country; the argument is that we are bound to show gratitude for them, and that the appropriate way to do so is to show special concern for the well-being of the country patriotiwm compatriots.
But a person whose love for her si was not expressed in any special concern for it would scarcely be considered a patriot. It is the second that is at issue. Some philosophers seek to ground patriotic duty in its good consequences see the entry on consequentialism. There is yet another way of distinguishing patriotism and nationalism — one that is quite simple and begs no moral questions.
Patriotism in Social and Political Philosophy. If not a duty, is patriotism morally valuable?