The Galeazzi fracture is a fracture of the distal third of the radius with dislocation of the distal radioulnar joint. It classically involves an isolated fracture of the. However, there is an anatomic pathological variant of Galeazzi lesion. It is a fracture of the shaft of the radius, which associates diaphyseal. Unstable Fracture-Dislocations of the ForearmThe Monteggia and Galeazzi Lesions. Frederick W. Reckling, MD; Larry D. Cordell, MD. Arch Surg.

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J Bone Joint Surg Am. Because of this observation, we do not recommend conducting a thorough examination of the baleazzi radioulnar joint before reduction of the forearm [ 5 ]. He now presents with pain and deformity of the left non-dominant forearm.

[Galeazzi lesion in children and adults: the undiagnosed lesion].

Open reduction with fixation of the radial fracture using plates and screws, transfixation of the DRUJ, and immobilization with an above-elbow plaster cast led to good functional results and therefore is recommended as galewzzi preferred treatment in adult patients [ 101316 ].

Additionally, the initial medical reports were reviewed to determine whether the nature of the injury was recognized at first attendance.

Received Dec 6; Accepted Apr 9. The Galeazzi fracture is named after Ricardo Galeazzi —an Italian surgeon at the Instituto de Rachitici in Milan, who described the fracture dw Galeazzi fractures are best treated with open reduction of the radius and the distal radio-ulnar joint.

Sign in to make a comment Sign in to your personal account. Representing a special lssion of forearm fractures, it is classified as a fracture of the radius at any level associated with disruption of the distal radioulnar joint DRUJ and resulting luxation of the ulna [ 19 ].

This injury is confirmed on radiographic evaluation. The Galeazzi lesion was not recognized at admission but galeazzo recognized during surgery. Purchase access Subscribe now. Fracture of the galeazzzi radial shaft: Additionally, the clinical examination in case taleazzi a fracture is painful and should be performed with the patient under general anesthesia to achieve objective information. This group consisted of eight patients with an initially diagnosed Galeazzi injury oesion in full supination and one patient with a Galeazzi lesion after fracture of the radius and ulna, which was misdiagnosed as a fracture of the forearm and recognized at the time of this review cast in neutral position.


The duration of plaster cast immobilization was chosen according to the radiologic signs of bone healing. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Dw closed reduction of the radius, then immobilize the forearm in a long arm cast in supination. Compartment syndrome increased risk with high energy crush injury open fractures vascular injuries or coagulopathies diagnosis pain with passive stretch is most sensitive Neurovascular injury uncommon except t ype III open fractures Refracture usually occurs following plate removal increased risk with removing plate too early large plates 4.

Incomplete fractures, bowing fractures, and intact periosteal structures provide residual stability after bone trauma. Reckling, MD ; Larry D. Combined fractures of the forearm: However, if a Galeazzi lesion was identified at first attendance, all surgeons decided to use above-elbow casts for immobilization according to the recommended guidelines [ 1 ]. However, proper reduction of the radius with concomitant reduction of the distal radioulnar joint and cast immobilization provides good to excellent outcome even if the Galeazzi lesion is primarily se recognized.

J Bone Joint Surg Br. Perform open reduction and internal fixation of the radius, then assess the distal radioulnar joint for instability, and reconstruct the distal radioulnar joint with a looped palmaris longus autograft if instability persists. Reduction was performed with the patients under general anesthesia in all cases.

Galeazzi Fractures

Anterior interosseous nerve AIN palsy may also be present, but it is easily missed because there is no sensory component to this finding. In contrast, the final results of conservative treatment are generally good in lesiob [ 19 ]. Galeazzi fractures in children. Minimally displaced fractures were reduced using conscious sedation at the outpatient department and the patients were excluded from the study. After anatomic reduction of the DRUJ, a well-shaped below-elbow cast allows pronation and ds and prevents redislocation of the joint, whereas the majority of reports in the medical literature describing Galeazzi fractures in lexion prefer treatment with above-elbow casts [ 611 ].


In both cases, the lesion was not recognized at admission or during surgery. The etiology of the Galeazzi fracture is thought to be a fall that causes an axial load to be placed on a hyperpronated forearm. Sign in to save your search Sign in to your personal account. Create a free personal account to make a comment, download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts and more. A Galeazzi lesion was defined as a fracture of one or both bones of the forearm at any level in combination with a dislocation of the DRUJ.

It classically involves an isolated fracture of the junction of the distal third and middle third of the radius with associated subluxation or dislocation of the distal radio-ulnar joint; the injury disrupts the forearm axis joint. This may be attributed to the fact that early functional treatment was possible. Now he has presented 2days back with increased deformity and infection How would you treat this patient? During operative treatment of the fracture, anatomic reduction of the radius is achieved.

How important is this topic for board examinations? Perform open reduction and internal fixation of the radius, then assess the distal radioulnar joint for instability, and percutaneously fix the distal radioulnar joint if instability persists. Unfortunately, our patients could not describe the exact mechanism of injury.

L7 – years in practice.

The casting was done with a below-elbow cast. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir. Fractures and cartilage injuries Sx2— Reduction of these fracture-dislocations must be accurate and must be maintained until healing is complete, or there will be encroachment on the interosseous membranes.

However, we could not find studies of soft tissue imaging of the acute posttraumatic anatomy of lseion DRUJ to identify or exclude ligamental injury.

In case of irreducibility or persistent instability, operative treatment was performed with plate osteosynthesis or intramedullary nailing depending on the fracture localization.