GEORGIUS AGRICOLA t. DE RE METALLICA. TRANSLATED FROM THE FIRST LATIN EDITION OF with. Biographical Introduction, Annotations and. De Re Metallica By: Georgius Agricola Originally published in , Agricola’s De ReM etallica was the first book on mining to be based on field research. Editorial Reviews. About the Author. A Presidential Classic The original edition of De Re Metallica (On the Nature of Metals, or Minerals) by Georg Bauer, writing.
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Agricola describes several books contemporary to him, the chief being a booklet by Calbus of Freiberg in German. When the furnace is ready, the forehearth is filled with molten goergius into which the furnace is tapped. But thanks to these people he had access to a large amount of experiential knowledge that otherwise would have remained hidden. Still Agricola did not come to know all the secrets of the trade.
The correct method of preparation of the cupels is covered in detail with beech ashes being preferred. Reprint of English edition. Partly that was because this knowledge was very difficult to access.
De re metallica | work by Agricola |
The first important mines here were those at Goslar in the Harz mountains, taken into commission in the tenth century. The use of water for washing ores is discussed agricpla great detail, e. In this city he had deepened himself thoroughly in the mining industry. Hoover graduated from Stanford in with a degree in geology and during the years before the start of World War One worked as a mining engineer primarily in Australia and China.
This book consists of the arguments used against the art and Agricola’s counter arguments.
His greatest interest, however, was focused on all kinds of subjects associated with the mining industry. The book consists of a preface and twelve chapters, labelled books I to XII, without titles.
The actual mineworking varies with the hardness of the rock, the softest is worked with a pick and requires shoring with wood, the hardest is usually broken with fire. The furnace is charged with beneficiated ore and crushed charcoal and lit. This book describes the miner and the finding of veins.
Agricola wrote his book in the scholarly language of that time, Latin. Because these pumps can only lift water about 24 feet, batteries of pumps are required for the deepest mines.
In addition, it is because it is a new sort of topic for the scholars of georbius time, a milestone in the history rd science. The shifts of the miners are fixed. In the Middle Ages these people held the same leading role as the master builders of the great cathedrals, or perhaps also alchemists.
The cupel is placed in the furnace and copper is separated into the lead which forms lithage in the cupel leaving the noble metal. This book covers underground mining and surveying. This coin was named after the place of origin: On the wall in Dover’s Mineola office is a framed letter from President Hoover thanking Hayward Cirker for sending him the Dover edition of De Re Metallica and expressing satisfaction that the venture seemed to be working out well.
The prepared ore is wrapped in paper, placed on a scorifier and then placed under a muffle covered in burning charcoal in the furnace.
De Re Metallica – Agricola, Hoover
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Georgius Agricola. Agricola then describes in detail which substances should be added as fluxes as well as lead for smelting or assaying. He also suggests looking for exposed veins and also describes the effects of metals on the overlying vegetation. The loss of food from the forests destroyed can be replaced by purchase from profits, and metals have been placed underground by God and man is right to extract and use them.
Though that is only possible through a technological tradition of centuries.
He wanted to show that mining is a noble undertaking, incorrectly looked down upon. Instead of lifting weights similar machines use chains of buckets to lift water.
Latin Wikisource has original text related to this article: But in addition, it was a book that drew the attention of the scholars on matters outside their layers of interest. These numerous images have contributed immensely to the fame of the book. The lead will liquate out with the silver. Apart from discussing the actual mining practices, he also gives a comprehensive technical description of the many ways to clean and treat the ore and eventually separate the metals.
The Cartoon History of Time. Only in the Renaissance did this perception begin to change. Publication in Latin meant that it could be read by any educated European of the time.