This page contains the US Army Field Manual on The Infantry Battalion. FM INFANTRY FIELD MANUAL. RIFLE BATTALION. This manual, together with FM , June 2, and FM 7 May , supersedes FM Topics enemy, battalion, commander, operations, infantry, force, combat, support, units, Identifier milmanual-fmthe-infantry-battalion.

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The main purpose of leadership in battle is to inspire and motivate soldiers to perform difficult tasks under trying circumstances.

The first includes all actions taken to make the friendly unit hard to find or destroy. Support of the Defense The battlefield is no longer a one-dimensional or two-dimensional entity.

No matter what level the conflict, the side that keeps the initiative through offensive action forces the other side to react rather than to act. The battalion’s few dedicated, organic information-gathering assets include the scout platoon, infantry patrols, and PEWS. However, a skillful leader, using the right combination of maneuver, firepower, and protection within a sound operational plan, can turn combat potential into real combat power.

Battalions may operate in restrictive terrain with few access roads.

This includes using appropriate control measures, conducting rehearsals, and ensuring soldiers understand the rules of engagement. It means that, when an opportunity presents itself, the commanders may depart from planned actions to hasten mission accomplishment. Reconnaissance and Surveillance Characteristics of Offensive Operations To be effective, firepower must be distributed and controlled at the critical time and place.


Understanding and using a common doctrine and military language enhances synchronization. Battalion Logistical Estimate The AirLand Battle is the doctrinal basis for meeting these challenges. Also, leaders must verify the soundness of all tactical operations to prevent fratricide. Combat Service Support System The FSO helps the commander plan and coordinate fire support assets. He fights forward and issues orders as needed, orally and face-to-face when possible. Suppression of Enemy Air Defense Withdrawal Not Under Enemy Pressure The infantry is most effective when visibility, observation, and fields of fire are limited; and when it must fight in close combat.

The fundamental combat mission of the infantry battalion, regardless of the type of battalion, is to close with the enemy by means of fire and maneuver to destroy or capture him or to repel his assaults by fire, close combat, and counterattack.

Enemy Contact During a Relief in Place Conduct of a Linkup This gives depth to the battalion and provides the commander with a form to counterattack and completely destroy the enemy.

Development of Defensive Concept The concept must clearly focus the main effort at a infwntry point and must clearly designate the effects tasks and purposes of the subordinates.

FM The Infantry Battalion – Table of Contents

Exchange of Equipment It involves maneuver at all levels and tries to use the full potential of US forces. The rifle company is the basic maneuver element of the battalion.


Top-Down Fire Planning Attack of Fortified Positions and Strongpoints If necessary, the battalion can use organic direct-fire systems to defend itself from cm attack.

The maneuver battalion must obtain other timely intelligence from brigade. This is the arrangement of battlefield activities in time, space, and purpose to produce the greatest possible relative combat power at the decisive point.

To accomplish specific missions and conduct sustained operations, the battalion is normally augmented by additional combat, CS, and CSS assets. Completion of Plan Support Relationships and Missions These orders in turn give subordinate commanders batalion flexibility, within the scope of their commander’s intent, to improvise and act aggressively to accomplish assigned missions and defeat the enemy.

Helicopters, when combined with infantry to form an air assault task force, are a valuable maneuver asset. infanttry

FM 7 20 The Infantry Battalion

Soldiers should be committed only when firepower alone is insufficient to accomplish the mission. When properly employed, it can defeat enemy armored vehicles from close ranges.

Laundry and Renovation Sources of Combat Service Support Infantry may dominate in low-intensity conflicts due to its rapid strategic deployability and its ability to meet the enemy on equal terms.