Samuel P. Huntington, author of The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World El desafío hispano: en el siguiente texto, el académico Samuel P.. El autor comenta un ensayo del conocido sociólogo norteamericano Samuel P. En su ensayo «El desafío hispano» Samuel P. Huntington, el mundialmente. “Polémico libro del académico estadounidense Samuel Huntington. ” Huntington, el desafío hispano y el contexto político” (El Universal – John Bailey) (

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December 31, To them one must also add the huge numbers of Mexicans who each year enter the United States illegally.

September 11 brought a revival dewafio American patriotism and a renewal of American identity. Inonly Mexican immigration differs from past immigration desaafio most other contemporary immigration due to a combination of six factors: Such a transformation would not only revolutionize the United States, but it would also have serious consequences for Hispanics, who will be in the United States but not of it.

In many states, those aspiring to political office might have to be fluent in both languages.

Byit is estimated that Hispanics will make up more than half of the Los Angeles population. Infertility rates in the United States were estimated at 1. There is only the American dream created by an Anglo-Protestant society. For almost a century after the adoption of the U. While the absolute numbers are often small, the states with the largest deswfio increases in Hispanic population between and were, in decreasing order: Particularly striking in contrast to previous immigrants is the failure of third- and fourth-generation people of Mexican origin to approximate U.

However, the processes by which this result might come about differ. The Promise of Disharmony 54 copies Common Defense: Congress to authorize cultural maintenance programs in bilingual education; as a result, children are slow to join mainstream classes. The Cuban takeover had major consequences for Miami.


Samuel Huntington

At the same time, Mexicans and other Hispanics were also establishing beachheads elsewhere. If this trend continues, the cultural division between Hispanics and Anglos could replace the racial division between blacks and whites as dedafio most serious cleavage in U. Quebec is 3, miles from France, and each year several hundred thousand Frenchmen do not attempt to enter Quebec legally or illegally. Log in Sign Up Create a Foreign Policy account to access 3 articles per month and free newsletters developed by policy experts Loading.

As ofhowever, U.

BySpanish was not just the language spoken in most homes, it was also the principal language of commerce, business, and politics. Hispanics, however, have tended to concentrate regionally: So did race, following the achievements of the civil rights movement and the Immigration and Nationality Act of Your use of the site and services is subject to these policies and terms. The annual flow of legal immigrants would drop by about , closer to the level recommended by the s Commission on Immigration Reform chaired by former U.

It is quite different to argue that Americans should know a non-English language in order to communicate with their fellow citizens. Contributions from immigrant cultures modified and enriched the Anglo-Protestant culture of the founding settlers.

Indeed, the orientation of U.

Strengthened by the growth of Hispanic numbers and influence, Hispanic leaders are actively seeking to transform the United States into a bilingual society. In hisapno s, Mexicans composed more than half of the new Latin American immigrants to the United States and, byHispanics totaled about one half of all migrants entering the continental United States.

There [has been] considerable movement to make Spanish the second hispaon language. Although second- and third-generation Mexican Americans and other Hispanics acquire competence in English, they also appear to deviate from the usual pattern by maintaining their competence in Spanish.

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Illegal entries would diminish dramatically. Huntington, Richard Thomas father. Payrolls in Miami-Dade County tripled between and Estimates of the total number of illegal immigrants in the United States rose from 4 million in to 6 million inhunttington 7 million inand to between 8 and 10 million by Unable to send money home, they invested in Miami. The Immigration Reform and Control Act contained provisions to legalize the status of existing illegal immigrants and to reduce future illegal immigration through employer sanctions and other means.

They initially defined America in terms of race, ethnicity, culture, and religion. But now, for the first time in U.

The Hispanic Challenge – Foreign Policy

If dual-language education becomes prevalent in elementary and secondary schools, teachers will desfio be expected to be bilingual. You can examine and separate out names. The wages of low-income U. For the first time in U.

The United States is now confronted by a massive influx of people from a poor, contiguous country with more than one third the population of the United States. The former goal was achieved: Scale The causes of Mexican, as well as other, immigration are found in the demographic, economic, and political dynamics of the sending country and the economic, political, and social attractions of the United States.

Yet, even such dramatic economic development would not necessarily reduce the impulse to emigrate.