Busseola fusca exhibits oligophagous feeding behavior on host plants belonging to the family Poaceae. Primary host plants are maize (Zea mays L.) and. Preferred Scientific Name; Busseola fusca. Preferred Common Name; African maize stalk borer. Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota; Kingdom: Metazoa. The Maize Stalk Borer (Busseola fusca) is a major pest of Maize and Sorghum.
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New species of African stem-boring Agrotidae Lepidoptera. The general situation in Africa has been reviewed by a number of authors over the past 30 years see Harris and Nwanze, and implementation programmes are now in progress in East and South Africa.
The females start calling a few hours after emergence, indicating absence of a sexual maturation time [ 37 ]. Crambidae and Busseola fusca Lepidoptera: The influence of the weather on maize pests.
Busseola fusca (Fuller)
Introduction Busseola fusca was first mentioned as Sesamia fusca in a report by Fuller in [ 1 ] and described under the same name by Hampson in [ 2 ].
Reproductive biology of Bt -resistant and susceptible field-collected larvae of the maize stem borer, Busseola ufsca Lepidoptera: Ichneumonidae and Pediobius fuscs Hymenoptera: Statistical model of crop losses caused by maize stem borers Lepidoptera: Silicon-augmented resistance of plants to herbivorous insects.
Genetics The genetic variation in B.
In some cases, the moths lay their eggs predominantly in the soil, such as Phthorimaea operculella Lepidoptera: Temporal patterns of emergence, calling behaviour and fuxca period of the maize stem borer, Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: Hyparrhenia dregeana Nees Stapf ex Stent. Noctuidae under laboratory conditions. Diversity of lepidopteran stem borers on monocotyledonous plants in eastern Africa and the islands of Madagascar and Zanzibar revisited.
Caterpillar of Busseola fusca inside the stem. The adult moth will emerge after a pupal period of days from a hole that they produced before pupation. Secondary crop hosts are pearl millet, finger millet and sugarcane. Infestation and injury levels of stem borers in relation to yield potential of grain sorghum. Although Kfir [ 46 ] speculated that B. Knowledge Bank home Bsuseola location. Importance of the experimental set-up used to measure the attractiveness of odours in moth: Control of the sorghum stem borer, Busseola fusca, by partial burning of the stalks.
Intercropping of maize and sorghum with non-host crops has also been shown to be effective in reducing borer numbers in South Africa [ ]. Moreover, it is the most relevant and economic method of stem borer control available for resource-poor farmers in Africa [ ].
African maize stalk borer (Busseola fusca)
September 21, Citation: Geographic differences in host acceptance and suitability of two Cotesia sesamiae populations in Zimbabwe. Genetically modified GM maize expressing insecticidal Cry proteins Bt -maize have been deployed with success against B.
Noctuidae and techniques for the detection of resistance in maize plants. In Kenya alone, losses due to B.
After hatching underneath the leaf sheath, B. After mass screenings and elite line developments, 42 stem borer resistant maize breeding red lines were released in South Africa during [ ].
All these reports and observations suggest that plant physical cues, such as surface texture e. The larval stage lasts between 31 and 50 days [ 182930 ] and consists of 7—8 instars with a minimum of 6 [ 2331 ].
However, direct observations under field conditions will contribute to demonstrate the active dispersal activity of B. Plant-Derived Pesticides Plant-derived pesticides are one of the alternatives to chemicals and are considered environmentally friendly. Insect Science and its Application, 21 4: Geographical Distribution Busseola fusca occurs throughout sub-Saharan Africa [ 6 ] but not in Zanzibar and Madagascar [ 48 ].
A systems approach to assess crop health and maize yield losses due to pests and diseases in Cameroon. In addition, the balance of sucrose and turanose in leaves influences the host plant choice made by the larvae. Similar results have been obtained with the B.