Clin Chest Med. Mar;26(1) Pathophysiology of pneumonia. Alcón A( 1), Fàbregas N, Torres A. Author information: (1)Surgical Intensive Care Unit. Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus (purulent material), causing. Bronchopneumonia: Characterized by patchy foci of consolidation (pus in many alveoli and adjacent air passages) scattered in one or Etiology/Pathogenesis.

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Pneumonia that occurs in a hospital setting may also be the result of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics. Clinical features and diagnosis. The most common are broonchopneumonia and viruses in the air we breathe.

The virulence of pathophysiologu organism, amount of the organisms to start an infection and body immune response against the infection all determines the progress of pneumonia.

The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 6: Mycoplasma Pneumonia Mycoplasma pneumonia is a contagious respiratory infection.

Archived from the original on 23 October These are the air passages that feed air into the lungs. Factors that predispose to pneumonia include smokingimmunodeficiencyalcoholismchronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseasthmachronic kidney diseaseliver diseaseand old age.

Pneumonia is usually caused by infection with viruses broncbopneumonia bacteria and less commonly by other microorganismscertain medications and conditions such as autoimmune diseases. Chemical pneumonitis Idiopathic pneumonia syndrome. Prevention includes vaccinationenvironmental measures and appropriate treatment of other health problems.


In pneumonia, a collection of fluid may form in the space that surrounds the lung. Care following hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia.

Pathophysiology of pneumonia.

In rare circumstances, bacteria in the lung will form a pocket of infected fluid called a lung abscess. Community-acquired pneumonia is the most common type of pneumonia. Tests Results Chest X-ray Bronchopneumonia will usually show up as multiple patchy areas of infection, usually in both lungs and mostly at the lung bases. This website is intended for pathologists and laboratory personnel, who understand that medical information is imperfect and must be interpreted using reasonable medical judgment.

Attridge RT, et al. Archived from the original on 9 July Micro aspiration of contaminated secretions can infect the lower airways and cause pneumonia. Viruses may reach the lung by a number of different routes.

Canadian Medical Association Journal. Accessed December 31st, Diffuse parenchymal lung disease: Review of the Literature and Meta-Analysis”.

Many cases of bronchopneumonia are caused by bacteria. Although the pathophysiolkgy are no longer rare in CAP, [69] they are still less likely. How do you treat bronchopneumonia? Due to the relatively low awareness of the disease, 12 November was declared as the annual World Pneumonia Daya day for concerned citizens and policy makers to take action against the disease, in Textbook of pulmonary medicine 2nd ed. Ventilator-associated pneumonia occurs in pathophysiologj breathing with the help of mechanical ventilation.

Be sure to get your annual flu shotas the flu can cause pneumonia. Histoplasmosis is most common in the Mississippi River basinand coccidioidomycosis is most common in the Southwestern United States. Sir William Oslerknown as “the father of modern medicine”, appreciated the death and disability caused by pneumonia, describing it as the “captain bronchopneu,onia the men of death” inas it had overtaken tuberculosis as one of the leading causes of death in this time.


Bronchopneumonia, or lobular pneumonia, is a type of pneumonia that also causes inflammation in the bronchi. Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention. To destroy the attacking organisms, white blood cells rapidly accumulate.

Symptoms of bronchopneumonia may be very similar to other types of pneumonia.

Dockrell DH, et al. Your doctor will prescribe antibiotics if a bacterium is the cause of your pneumonia.

Pneumonia – Symptoms and causes – Mayo Clinic

Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment. Problems playing this file?

This condition often begins with flu-like symptoms that can become more severe over a few days. Pneumonia can range in seriousness from mild to life-threatening. Antibiotic use is also associated with side effects such as nausea, diarrhea, dizziness, taste distortion, or headaches.

Learn more about which types can be contagious and how it’s spread. Click here for patient related inquiries.