Akkordlohn . Zeitlohn, Akkordlohn, Prämienlohn: Ausgestaltung sowie Vor-. Arbeitnehmer beanstandet nicht berücksichtigte Prämien bei Berechnung des. Beim Akkordlohn wird die tatsächlich erbrachte Leistung entgeltet. wird eingesetzt, wenn die Berechnung genauer Akkordsätze unwirtschaftlich ist. Für den. ЪНЁЁЕЁ jìjiàn göngzi Akkordlohn m Sg. ìtÍÈFIMï jijiàn Kalkulation f-en, Berechnung f-en Ъ’ГЁК jìsuàn chi Rechenschieben m – Ъ’ГЁ’ЁЁЁ jìsuàn cuòwù.
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If there were no concrete obstacles in the immediate environment of the labor process that prevented the British from paying weavers per shot of the shuttle like the Germans, could the difference in pay systems reflect nothing more than the lingering effect of business factors that had operated in the past? True, when one converts the British piece rates to the German dimension of thought, one finds that British weavers earned less on the middle ranges of cloth density in comparison with either endpoint of the British scale than did German weavers on the berechnnug ranges of cloth density in comparison with either endpoint of the German scale.
Die Textilarbeiter-ZeitungAugust 6, The reduced piece rates for women probably exceeded the actual difference in productivity between men and women. If length of cloth alone were the index of output and criterion of pay, workers on cloth with a dense weave, which required the insertion of many akkorxlohn threads, would earn no more per yard, and probably less per hour, than workers on looser cloth.
For examples of strikes to keep the scale’s rates in all their particulars, see Yorkshire Factory TimesOctober 25,and August 21, What is berrechnung, many German firms continued to invest in apparatuses which their takers-in used for measuring the length of the cloth, just like the gadgets used in Britain, even after these German companies had converted to pay by shot. Their complaint reveals a drawback of the German system when weavers received no compensation for changing the warps.
May Broadbent, bornMidgley. Looms of the era, in contrast to this ideal, had to be coaxed and felt out. Prior to the First World War, the factory inspectors could not find instances of the implementation of sliding scales in Germany: The weavers themselves preferred payment by piece as the only method feasible in their trade for establishing uniform remuneration.
Der Christliche TextilarbeiterMay 26,Eupen. Even when sliding scales lapsed due to disagreement over the rates, they remained the model for selling labor. In the “question and answer” columns of akkordlohn country’s textile periodicals, mill directors exchanged their calculations of this percentage for various makes of looms and asked whether customary ratios existed for various classes of goods—even for a product so specialized as “colored, light jute,” for instance.
To construct weavers’ piece-rate scales, managers in both Germany and Britain could not just measure the effort or time taken to weave a single type of cloth. Curiously, the Oldknow papers show that outdoor workers had their labor time recorded to the hour, whereas workers locked inside the mill had their attendance recorded only in approximate quarters of the day—as if their impoundment made superfluous the reckoning of labor time with an accurate metric.
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See Elizabeth Roberts’s interview with Mrs. When workers and owners used the phrase, for example, “six pence per pick” to calculate pay, this referred not to each of the picks the weaver wove in but to earnings for so many picks per inch, given a fixed length of cloth. Diese wurden an die finnische Zweigniederlassung von ESA entsandt. Employers denied responsibility for ensuring that the regular weavers paid the substitutes honestly.
A female akkkordlohn from a village near Halifax recalled as one of the highlights of her working life the day she climbed a wall and clambered through a mill window to get into the mill after starting time.
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Did refunds accrue retroactively to weavers for cloth which, contrary to earlier expectations, managed to clear the market? In both Lancashire and Yorkshire, the employers numbered their looms consecutively by row. His testimony confirms that the Huddersfield table was no less sound than others in Britain. So verweist zum einen Art. A great many instances can be found of German mills continuing to pay weavers by the piece or by weight. Reussische VolkszeitungFebruary 18, But the discussions of commercial experts, preserved in business newspapers, show that employers preferred this mode of piece rates because it captured the process of carrying out the work.
The Yorkshire Factory Times reported in that a weaver in Halifax had received a refund of a cloth fine.
In most regions of Yorkshire, the piece-rate tables. Brook of Almondbury, Yorkshire, discussed father-daughter sharing in my own interview with her.
Industrial experts of the time recognized this means of compensating workers as berechnumg distinctively British invention. In contrast to their predecessors at the dawn of the akkordloohn age, mill directors in the late nineteenth century no longer thought it necessary to break an unruly work force to the novel stringency of indoor factory work.
To ascertain the definition of labor as a commodity, one must expose the agents’ own concepts as embedded in the symbolic form of the piece-rate schedules.